Die Wohltaten von Jesus Werk

Was für ein gewaltiges Werk hat Jesus durch seinen Tod am Kreuz geschaffen! Bavinck fasst die Wohltaten zusammen:

  • the juridical, that is, the forgiveness of sins (Mark 14:24; Heb. 9:22); justification (Rom. 3:24; 4:25; 5:9; 8:34; 1 Cor. 1:30; 2 Cor. 5:21); adoption as children (Gal. 3:26; 4:5–6); the right to eternal life and the heavenly inheritance (Rom. 8:17; 1 Pet. 1:4); also redemption (ἀπολυτρωσις,Eph. 1:7; Col. 1:14; Heb. 9:15), which, however, sometimes has a broader meaning as well (Rom. 3:24; 8:21, 23; 1 Cor. 1:30; Eph. 1:14; 4:30; 1 Pet. 1:18–19);
  • the mystical, consisting in being crucified, buried, raised, and seated with Christ in heaven (Rom. 6–8; Gal. 2:20; Col. 3:1–13);
  • the ethical, that is, regeneration (John 1:12–13), being made alive (Eph. 2:1, 5); sanctification (1 Cor. 1:30; 6:11), being washed (1 Cor. 6:11), cleansed (1 John 1:9), and sprinkled (1 Pet. 1:2) in body, soul, and spirit (2 Cor. 5:17; 1 Thess. 5:23);
  • the moral, consisting in the imitation of Christ, who has left us his example (Matt. 10:38; 16:24; Luke 9:23; John 8:12; 12:26; 2 Cor. 8:9; Phil. 2:5; Eph. 2:10; 1 Pet. 2:21; 4:1);
  • the economic, that is, the fulfillment of the Old Testament covenant, the inauguration of a new covenant (Mark 14:24; Heb. 7:22; 9:15; 12:24); the freedom from the law (Rom. 7:1ff.; Gal. 2:19; 3:13, 25; 4:5; 5:1; etc.); the cancellation of the bond with its legal demands, the breaking down of the dividing wall, the reconciliation of Jew and Gentile and all other existing sets of opposites into unity in Christ (Gal. 3:28; Eph. 2:11–22; Col. 2:14);
  • the physical, that is, the victory over the world (John 16:33), over death (2 Tim. 1:10; Heb. 2:15), over hell (1 Cor. 15:15; Rev. 1:18; 20:14), and over Satan (Luke 10:18; 11:22; John 14:30; Heb. 2:14; 1 Cor. 15:55–56; Col. 2:15; 1 Pet. 3:22; 1 John 3:8; Rev. 12:10; 20:2; etc.).
Herman Bavinck, Reformed Dogmatics, 3:451.
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