10 universale Fragen

Seit Menschengedenken gibt es einige zentrale universale Fragen. Thomas K. Johnson hat einige im Vorabdruck seines neuen Buches im Kapitel „General Revelation and the Human Quest“ gestellt:

  1. What has always existed? Is it one or is it many? Is it spirit or matter? Is it God or the gods? Is it time and chance? Is it dialectical matter? Is it energy?
  2. What does it mean that we are human? What is the morally significant difference between a dog and a human?
  3. Why do we know so much about right and wrong? How can it be that people in so many times and places have somewhat similar ideas about right and wrong?
  4. How do we know we can usually trust our five senses, even before we have asked if we can trust our senses?
  5. How do we know that truth is unified, so that the truths of chemistry do not contradict the truths of biology or mathematics, even before we consider the question?
  6. How do we know that other people have minds, even though most of us have never seen a proof of the existence of the minds of other people?
  7. Is there something terribly wrong with the world or with human nature? If so, what?
  8. Why do we find ourselves alienated from ourselves and each other? Is there a solution?
  9. Is being male and female more than an accident of anatomy?
  10. Does history have a meaning, direction, or shape? Is it a line, a circle, or something else?